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Compare 3105-H14 Aluminum to AZ31B-H24 Magnesium

3105-H14 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AZ31B-H24 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys. There are 24 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown.

Mechanical Properties in Common

Brinell Hardness

3105-H14 Aluminum 48
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 73

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa

3105-H14 Aluminum 72
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 47

Elongation at Break, %

3105-H14 Aluminum 2.8
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 8.3

Modulus of Resilience (Unit Resilience), kJ/m3

3105-H14 Aluminum 150
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 360

Poisson's Ratio

3105-H14 Aluminum 0.33
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0.29

Shear Modulus, GPa

3105-H14 Aluminum 26
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 17

Shear Strength, MPa

3105-H14 Aluminum 110
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 160

Strength to Weight Ratio, kN-m/kg

3105-H14 Aluminum 62
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 150

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa

3105-H14 Aluminum 170
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 270

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa

3105-H14 Aluminum 150
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 180

Unit Rupture Work (Ultimate Resilience), MJ/m3

3105-H14 Aluminum 4.5
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 20

Sustainability Properties in Common

Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material

3105-H14 Aluminum 8.2
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 23

Embodied Energy, MJ/kg

3105-H14 Aluminum 150
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 160

Embodied Water, L/kg

3105-H14 Aluminum 1180
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 980

Thermal Properties in Common

Melting Onset (Solidus), °C

3105-H14 Aluminum 640
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 600

Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K

3105-H14 Aluminum 900
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 990

Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K

3105-H14 Aluminum 170
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 72

Thermal Diffusivity, m2/s

3105-H14 Aluminum 68
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 39

Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K

3105-H14 Aluminum 22
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 25

Electrical Properties in Common

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS

3105-H14 Aluminum 44
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 18

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS

3105-H14 Aluminum 140
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 87

Electrical Resistivity Order of Magnitude, 10x Ω-m

3105-H14 Aluminum -7.0
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium -7.0

Otherwise Unclassified Properties in Common

Base Metal Price, % relative

3105-H14 Aluminum 16
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 20

Density, g/cm3

3105-H14 Aluminum 2.8
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 1.9

Alloy Composition Comparison

Aluminum (Al), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 96 to 99.5
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 2.4 to 3.6

Calcium (Ca), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0 to 0.040

Chromium (Cr), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.2
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0

Copper (Cu), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.3
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0 to 0.050

Iron (Fe), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.7
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0 to 0.050

Magnesium (Mg), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0.2 to 0.8
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 93.6 to 97.1

Manganese (Mn), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0.3 to 0.8
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0.050 to 1.0

Nickel (Ni), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0 to 0.0050

Silicon (Si), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.6
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0 to 0.1

Titanium (Ti), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.1
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0

Zinc (Zn), %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.4
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0.5 to 1.5

Residuals, %

3105-H14 Aluminum 0 to 0.15
AZ31B-H24 Magnesium 0 to 0.3