2024 (AlCu4Mg1) Aluminum

Properties

Compare
Bulk Modulus
71 GPa, or 10 106 psi
Density
2.77 g/cm3, or 172 lb/ft3
Elastic (Young's) Modulus
73 GPa, or 10 106 psi
Elongation at Break
Typical
17 to 20 %
Elongation at Break
Minimum
10 to 12 %
Elongation at Break
-200°C (-330°F)
18 to 19 %
Elongation at Break
-100°C (-150°F)
17 to 19 %
Elongation at Break
100°C (210°F)
16 to 19 %
Elongation at Break
200°C (390°F)
22 to 26 %
Elongation at Break
300°C (570°F)
70 %
Elongation at Break
400°C (750°F)
114 %
Fatigue Strength (Endurance Limit)
90 to 140 MPa, or 13 to 20 103 psi
Hardness
Brinell
47 to 120
Maximum Temperature
No-Load Shape Stability
200 °C, or 390 °F
Maximum Temperature
Onset of Melting (Solidus)
502 °C, or 935 °F
Resilience
Unit, Per Volume
Resilience
Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), Per Volume
Resilience
Unit, Per Mass
Resilience
Ultimate, Per Mass
Shear Modulus
28.0 GPa, or 4.06 106 psi
Shear Strength
125 to 285 MPa, or 18.1 to 41.3 103 psi
Specific Heat Capacity
Conventional
875 J/kg-K
Specific Heat Capacity
Volumetric
2400 103 J/m3-K
Speed of Sound
160 103 m/s, or 520 103 ft/s
Stiffness-to-Weight Ratio
Tensile
26 MN-m/kg
Strength-to-Weight Ratio
Fatigue
32 to 50 kN-m/kg
Strength-to-Weight Ratio
Shear
45 to 100 kN-m/kg
Strength-to-Weight Ratio
Tensile, Ultimate
66 to 170 kN-m/kg
Strength-to-Weight Ratio
Tensile, Yield
27 to 120 kN-m/kg
Tensile Strength
Ultimate
185 to 485 MPa, or 26.8 to 70.3 103 psi
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, Minimum
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, -200°C (-330°F)
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, -100°C (-150°F)
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, 100°C (210°F)
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, 200°C (390°F)
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, 300°C (570°F)
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, 400°C (750°F)
Tensile Strength
Yield (Proof)
75 to 345 MPa, or 10 to 50.0 103 psi
Tensile Strength
Yield, Minimum
Tensile Strength
Yield, -200°C (-330°F)
Tensile Strength
Yield, -100°C (-150°F)
Tensile Strength
Yield, 100°C (210°F)
Tensile Strength
Yield, 200°C (390°F)
Tensile Strength
Yield, 300°C (570°F)
Tensile Strength
Yield, 400°C (750°F)
Thermal Conductivity
Ambient
120 to 190 W/m-K
Thermal Expansion
20 to 100°C
22.9 µm/m-K
Thermal Expansion
20 to 200°C
Thermal Expansion
20 to 300°C

Only showing properties for which the substantial majority of variants have data.

See Also

Aluminum Standards and Data, The Aluminum Association Inc., 2006.


ASTM B 209, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate.


ISO 6361, Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheets, Strips and Plates.


J. Randolph Kissell and Robert L. Ferry, Aluminum Structures: A Guide to Their Specifications and Design, 2nd ed., 2002 (link).


John E. Hatch (editor), Aluminum: Properties and Physical Metallurgy, 1984 (link).


Mark E. Schlesinger, Aluminum Recycling, 2007 (link).


Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM Handbook vol. 2, ASM International, 1993 (link).

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