AISI 316 (SUS316, 1.4401, 1.4436, S31600) Stainless Steel

Notes

Second most popular stainless steel alloy, after AISI 304 (SUS304, 1.4301, S30400) Stainless Steel. The nearest casting equivalent of this wrought alloy is considered to be ASTM CF8M (SCS14, SCS14A, 1.4408, 316C16, J92900) Cast Stainless Steel.

Properties

Compare
Bulk Modulus
150 GPa, or 21 106 psi
Density
8.0 g/cm3, or 490 lb/ft3
Elastic (Young's) Modulus
193 GPa, or 27.9 106 psi
Elongation at Break
Typical
40 to 65 %
Elongation at Break
Minimum
30 to 40 %
Hardness
Rockwell B (HRB)
80
Maximum Temperature
Typical Guideline
870 °C, or 1500 °F
Maximum Temperature
Onset of Melting (Solidus)
1375 °C, or 2507 °F
Resilience
Unit, Per Volume
Resilience
Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), Per Volume
Resilience
Unit, Per Mass
Resilience
Ultimate, Per Mass
Shear Modulus
82 GPa, or 11 106 psi
Specific Heat Capacity
Conventional
450 J/kg-K
Specific Heat Capacity
Volumetric
3600 103 J/m3-K
Speed of Sound
150 103 m/s, or 490 103 ft/s
Stiffness-to-Weight Ratio
Tensile
24 MN-m/kg
Strength-to-Weight Ratio
Tensile, Ultimate
73 to 82 kN-m/kg
Strength-to-Weight Ratio
Tensile, Yield
33 to 58 kN-m/kg
Tensile Strength
Ultimate
585 to 660 MPa, or 84.8 to 95 103 psi
Tensile Strength
Ultimate, Minimum
Tensile Strength
Yield (Proof)
270 to 470 MPa, or 39 to 68 103 psi
Tensile Strength
Yield, Minimum
Thermal Conductivity
Ambient
14.6 W/m-K
Thermal Conductivity
100°C (210°F)
Thermal Conductivity
500°C (930°F)
Thermal Expansion
20 to 100°C
17 µm/m-K
Thermal Expansion
20 to 500°C
Thermal Expansion
20 to 1000°C
20 µm/m-K

Only showing properties for which the substantial majority of variants have data.

See Also

C. P. Dillon, Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels, 1995 (link).


John E. Bringas (editor), Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards, 3rd ed., 2004.


Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook vol. 1, ASM International, 1993 (link).

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