Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

ABS is a thermoplastic material, further classified as a styrenic plastic.

It has five common variants, each represented as a separate material.

Material Properties

Density1.0 to 1.4 g/cm3 (62 to 87 lb/ft3)

Dielectric Constant (Relative Permittivity)3.1 to 3.2

Dielectric Strength (Breakdown Potential)15 to 16 kV/mm (0.59 to 0.63 V/mil)

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus2.0 to 2.6 GPa (0.29 to 0.38 x 106 psi)

Elongation at Break3.5 to 50 %

Flexural Modulus2.1 to 7.6 GPa (0.3 to 1.1 x 106 psi)

Flexural Strength72 to 97 MPa (10 to 14 x 103 psi)

Heat Deflection Temperature At 1.82 MPa (264 psi)76 to 110 °C (170 to 230 °F)

Heat Deflection Temperature At 455 kPa (66 psi)83 to 110 °C (180 to 230 °F)

Strength to Weight Ratio37 to 79 kN-m/kg

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)37 to 110 MPa (5.4 to 16 x 103 psi)

Thermal Expansion81 to 95 µm/m-K

Further Reading

Modern Plastics Handbook, Charles A. Harper (editor), 1999

Plastics Materials, 7th ed., J. A. Brydson, 1999

SPI Plastics Engineering Handbook of the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc., 5th ed., Michael L. Berins (editor), 2000

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