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2014A Aluminum vs. C86300 Bronze

2014A aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 2014A aluminum and the bottom bar is C86300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 72
110
Elongation at Break, % 6.2 to 16
14
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 210 to 490
850
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 110 to 430
480

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 210
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
920
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 510
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 870
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
35
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 37
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 110
9.2

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 11
23
Density, g/cm3 3.0
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.1
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
51
Embodied Water, L/kg 1140
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 24 to 49
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 85 to 1300
1030
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
7.8
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 46
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 19 to 45
30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 26 to 46
25
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 55
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.0 to 22
28

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 90.8 to 95
5.0 to 7.5
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 3.9 to 5.0
60 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.5
2.0 to 4.0
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.2 to 0.8
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.4 to 1.2
2.5 to 5.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 0.5 to 0.9
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
22 to 28
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.2
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 1.0