MakeItFrom.com
Menu (ESC)

2018 Aluminum vs. 3005 Aluminum

Both 2018 aluminum and 3005 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a moderately high 94% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 2018 aluminum and the bottom bar is 3005 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 120
33 to 73
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 73
70
Elongation at Break, % 9.6
1.1 to 16
Fatigue Strength, MPa 120
53 to 100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
26
Shear Strength, MPa 270
84 to 150
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 420
140 to 270
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 310
51 to 240

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 220
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 510
640
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 870
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 40
42
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 11
9.5
Density, g/cm3 3.1
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.1
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1130
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 37
2.2 to 18
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 670
18 to 390
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 45
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 38
14 to 27
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 41
21 to 33
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 57
64
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 19
6.0 to 12

Alloy Composition


Deprecated: Automatic conversion of false to array is deprecated in /home/public/compare.php on line 452
Aluminum (Al), % 89.7 to 94.4
95.7 to 98.8
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 3.5 to 4.5
0 to 0.3
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.7
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.45 to 0.9
0.2 to 0.6
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.2
1.0 to 1.5
Nickel (Ni), % 1.7 to 2.3
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.9
0 to 0.6
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.1
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15