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2030 Aluminum vs. AWS BMg-1

2030 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS BMg-1 belongs to the magnesium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 2030 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS BMg-1.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
47
Elongation at Break, % 5.6 to 8.0
3.8
Fatigue Strength, MPa 91 to 110
72
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.29
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
18
Shear Strength, MPa 220 to 250
100
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 370 to 420
180
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 240 to 270
110

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
350
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 190
130
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 510
440
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 870
980
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
76
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
26

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 34
11
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 99
55

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 10
12
Density, g/cm3 3.1
1.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
22
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
160
Embodied Water, L/kg 1140
980

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 21 to 26
5.9
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 390 to 530
120
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 45
66
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 33 to 38
27
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 37 to 40
39
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 50
43
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 16 to 19
10

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 88.9 to 95.2
8.3 to 9.7
Beryllium (Be), % 0
0.00020 to 0.00080
Bismuth (Bi), % 0 to 0.2
0
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 3.3 to 4.5
0 to 0.050
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.0050
Lead (Pb), % 0.8 to 1.5
0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.5 to 1.3
86.1 to 89.8
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 1.0
0.15 to 1.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.0050
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.050
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.5
1.7 to 2.3
Residuals, % 0 to 0.3
0 to 0.3