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2036 Aluminum vs. C16500 Copper

2036 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C16500 copper belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 2036 aluminum and the bottom bar is C16500 copper.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
110
Elongation at Break, % 24
1.5 to 53
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
43
Shear Strength, MPa 210
200 to 310
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 340
280 to 530
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 200
97 to 520

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
210
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 190
340
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
1070
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
1010
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 890
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 160
250
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
17

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 41
60
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 130
61

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 10
31
Density, g/cm3 2.9
8.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.1
2.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
42
Embodied Water, L/kg 1160
320

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 70
7.8 to 110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 270
41 to 1160
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
7.1
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 48
18
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 33
8.6 to 17
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
11 to 16
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 62
74
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 15
9.8 to 19

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 94.4 to 97.4
0
Cadmium (Cd), % 0
0.6 to 1.0
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 2.2 to 3.0
97.8 to 98.9
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.5
0 to 0.020
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.3 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.1 to 0.4
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.5
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0.5 to 0.7
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5