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2036 Aluminum vs. C19700 Copper

2036 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C19700 copper belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 2036 aluminum and the bottom bar is C19700 copper.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
120
Elongation at Break, % 24
2.4 to 13
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
43
Shear Strength, MPa 210
240 to 300
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 340
400 to 530
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 200
330 to 520

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
210
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 190
200
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
1090
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
1040
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 890
390
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 160
250
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
17

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 41
86 to 88
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 130
87 to 89

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 10
30
Density, g/cm3 2.9
8.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.1
2.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
41
Embodied Water, L/kg 1160
310

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 70
12 to 49
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 270
460 to 1160
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
7.2
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 48
18
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 33
12 to 16
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
14 to 16
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 62
73
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 15
14 to 19

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 94.4 to 97.4
0
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Cobalt (Co), % 0
0 to 0.050
Copper (Cu), % 2.2 to 3.0
97.4 to 99.59
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.5
0.3 to 1.2
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.050
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.3 to 0.6
0.010 to 0.2
Manganese (Mn), % 0.1 to 0.4
0 to 0.050
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.050
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0.1 to 0.4
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.5
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.2