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3004-H34 Aluminum vs. 5052-H36 Aluminum

Both 3004-H34 aluminum and 5052-H36 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 98% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 3004-H34 aluminum and the bottom bar is 5052-H36 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 64
73
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
68
Elongation at Break, % 5.8
5.8
Fatigue Strength, MPa 110
130
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 130
160
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 240
280
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 200
230

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
190
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 630
610
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 160
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 42
35
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Calomel Potential, mV -750
-760
Density, g/cm3 2.8
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.3
8.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1190

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 13
15
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 280
380
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 24
29
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 31
36
Thermal Diffusivity, m2/s 65
57
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 10
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 95.6 to 98.2
95.8 to 97.7
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0.15 to 0.35
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.1
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.4
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.8 to 1.3
2.2 to 2.8
Manganese (Mn), % 1.0 to 1.5
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.3
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.1
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15