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319.0 Aluminum vs. 5182 Aluminum

Both 319.0 aluminum and 5182 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 90% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 319.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is 5182 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 72
68
Elongation at Break, % 1.8 to 2.0
1.1 to 12
Fatigue Strength, MPa 76 to 80
100 to 130
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
25
Shear Strength, MPa 170 to 210
170 to 240
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 190 to 240
280 to 420
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 110 to 180
130 to 360

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 480
390
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 540
590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 880
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 110
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 27
28
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 84
94

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 10
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.9
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.7
8.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 140
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1080
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 3.3 to 3.9
2.6 to 49
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 88 to 220
120 to 950
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 48
51
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 18 to 24
29 to 44
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 25 to 30
36 to 47
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 44
53
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 8.6 to 11
12 to 19

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 85.8 to 91.5
93.2 to 95.8
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 3.0 to 4.0
0 to 0.15
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.35
Magnesium (Mg), % 0 to 0.1
4.0 to 5.0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.5
0.2 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.35
0
Silicon (Si), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.1
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.5
0 to 0.15