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354.0 Aluminum vs. AWS ENiCrFe-2

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS ENiCrFe-2 belongs to the nickel alloys. There are 20 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (9, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS ENiCrFe-2.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
190
Elongation at Break, % 2.4 to 3.0
28
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.3
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
74
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
790

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
310
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
1390
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
1350
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
450
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
12

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
65
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
11
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
160
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
260

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
23
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
26
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
22
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
24

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.1
Chromium (Cr), % 0
13 to 17
Cobalt (Co), % 0
0 to 0.12
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
0 to 0.5
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 12
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
1.0 to 3.5
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
0.5 to 2.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0
62 to 85
Niobium (Nb), % 0
0.5 to 4.0
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.030
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0 to 0.75
Sulfur (S), % 0
0 to 0.020
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5