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354.0 Aluminum vs. AWS ERNiMo-3

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS ERNiMo-3 belongs to the nickel alloys. There are 19 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (10, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS ERNiMo-3.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
220
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.3
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
83
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
770

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
320
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
1600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
1540
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
400
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
11

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
70
Density, g/cm3 2.7
9.1
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
15
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
190
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
270

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
22
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
24
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
21
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
24

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.12
Chromium (Cr), % 0
4.0 to 6.0
Cobalt (Co), % 0
0 to 2.5
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
0 to 0.5
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
4.0 to 7.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
23 to 26
Nickel (Ni), % 0
53.7 to 69
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.040
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0 to 1.0
Sulfur (S), % 0
0 to 0.030
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Tungsten (W), % 0
0 to 1.0
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.6
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5