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354.0 Aluminum vs. C23400 Brass

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C23400 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 22 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (9, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is C23400 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
110
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
370 to 640

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
190
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
970
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
930
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
390
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
120
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
19

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
27
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
2.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
43
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
320

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.2
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
12 to 21
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
13 to 19
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 52
36
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
12 to 22

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
81 to 84
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.050
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.050
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
15.7 to 19
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.2