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354.0 Aluminum vs. C44500 Brass

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C44500 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 26 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is C44500 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
110
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
41
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
350
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 280 to 310
120

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
180
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
140
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
940
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
900
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
110
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
25
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 110
27

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
26
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.3
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
2.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
46
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
330

Common Calculations

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 540 to 670
65
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.2
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
12
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
13
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 52
35
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
70 to 73
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.060
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.070
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0.020 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0.9 to 1.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
25.2 to 29.1
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4