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354.0 Aluminum vs. C46500 Brass

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C46500 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is C46500 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
100
Elongation at Break, % 2.4 to 3.0
18 to 50
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.31
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
40
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
380 to 610
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 280 to 310
190 to 490

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
170
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
120
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
900
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
120
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
26
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 110
29

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
23
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.0
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
2.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
47
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
330

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 8.6 to 9.8
99 to 160
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 540 to 670
170 to 1170
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.2
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
13 to 21
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
15 to 20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 52
38
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
13 to 20

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Arsenic (As), % 0
0.020 to 0.060
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
59 to 62
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.1
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0.5 to 1.0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
36.2 to 40.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4