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354.0 Aluminum vs. C47940 Brass

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C47940 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 26 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is C47940 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
100
Elongation at Break, % 2.4 to 3.0
14 to 34
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.31
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
40
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
380 to 520
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 280 to 310
160 to 390

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
170
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
130
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
850
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
800
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
110
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
20

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
25
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.2
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
2.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
47
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
330

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 8.6 to 9.8
68 to 100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 540 to 670
120 to 740
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.1
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
13 to 17
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
14 to 17
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 52
36
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
13 to 17

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
63 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0.1 to 1.0
Lead (Pb), % 0
1.0 to 2.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0.1 to 0.5
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
1.2 to 2.0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
28.1 to 34.6
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4