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354.0 Aluminum vs. C48600 Brass

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C48600 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is C48600 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
100
Elongation at Break, % 2.4 to 3.0
20 to 25
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.31
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
39
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
280 to 360
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 280 to 310
110 to 170

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
170
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
120
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
900
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
110
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
25
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 110
28

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
24
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.1
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
2.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
47
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
330

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 8.6 to 9.8
55 to 59
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 540 to 670
61 to 140
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.1
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
9.5 to 12
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
12 to 14
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 52
36
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
9.3 to 12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Arsenic (As), % 0
0.020 to 0.25
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
59 to 62
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0
Lead (Pb), % 0
1.0 to 2.5
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0.3 to 1.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
33.4 to 39.7
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4