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354.0 Aluminum vs. C66900 Brass

354.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C66900 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 26 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (6, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 354.0 aluminum and the bottom bar is C66900 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
120
Elongation at Break, % 2.4 to 3.0
1.1 to 26
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
45
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 360 to 380
460 to 770
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 280 to 310
330 to 760

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 530
190
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
150
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
860
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 550
850
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
400
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
3.4
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 110
3.8

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
23
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.2
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
2.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
46
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
310

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 8.6 to 9.8
4.6 to 200
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 540 to 670
460 to 2450
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
8.1
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 52
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 37 to 39
15 to 26
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 42 to 44
16 to 23
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17 to 18
14 to 23

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 87.3 to 89.4
0
Copper (Cu), % 1.6 to 2.0
62.5 to 64.5
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.25
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.050
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.4 to 0.6
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
11.5 to 12.5
Silicon (Si), % 8.6 to 9.4
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.1
22.5 to 26
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.2