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4004 Aluminum vs. 324.0 Aluminum

Both 4004 aluminum and 324.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 97% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 4004 aluminum and the bottom bar is 324.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
71
Elongation at Break, % 2.4
3.0 to 4.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 42
77 to 89
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110
210 to 310
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 60
110 to 270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 540
500
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
550
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
150
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
34
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.6
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
7.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
1090

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.3
6.8 to 8.9
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 25
85 to 510
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 54
52
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 12
22 to 32
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
29 to 38
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
62
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.1
9.7 to 14

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 86 to 90
87.3 to 92.2
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
0.4 to 0.6
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 1.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.0 to 2.0
0.4 to 0.7
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.3
Silicon (Si), % 9.0 to 10.5
7.0 to 8.0
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 1.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.2