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4004 Aluminum vs. 354.0 Aluminum

Both 4004 aluminum and 354.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 98% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 4004 aluminum and the bottom bar is 354.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
71
Elongation at Break, % 2.4
2.4 to 3.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 42
92 to 120
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110
360 to 380
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 60
280 to 310

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 540
530
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
550
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
32
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
110

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.6
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
7.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
1070

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.3
8.6 to 9.8
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 25
540 to 670
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 54
52
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 12
37 to 39
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
42 to 44
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
52
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.1
17 to 18

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 86 to 90
87.3 to 89.4
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
1.6 to 2.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.0 to 2.0
0.4 to 0.6
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 9.0 to 10.5
8.6 to 9.4
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.1
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15