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4004 Aluminum vs. 390.0 Aluminum

Both 4004 aluminum and 390.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 88% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 4004 aluminum and the bottom bar is 390.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
75
Elongation at Break, % 2.4
1.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 42
76 to 110
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
28
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110
280 to 300
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 60
240 to 270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 540
640
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
880
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
18

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
24 to 25
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
79 to 83

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
11
Density, g/cm3 2.6
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
7.3
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
130
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
950

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.3
2.7 to 2.9
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 25
380 to 470
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 54
52
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 12
28 to 30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
35 to 36
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
56
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.1
14 to 15

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 86 to 90
74.5 to 79.6
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
4.0 to 5.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 1.3
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.0 to 2.0
0.45 to 0.65
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 9.0 to 10.5
16 to 18
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.1
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.2