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4004 Aluminum vs. 850.0 Aluminum

Both 4004 aluminum and 850.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 89% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 4004 aluminum and the bottom bar is 850.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
69
Elongation at Break, % 2.4
7.9
Fatigue Strength, MPa 42
59
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
26
Shear Strength, MPa 63
100
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110
140
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 60
76

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 540
380
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
190
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
370
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
850
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
180
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
47
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
14
Density, g/cm3 2.6
3.1
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
8.5
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
160
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
1160

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.3
9.1
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 25
42
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
12
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 54
44
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 12
12
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
19
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
69
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.1
6.1

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 86 to 90
88.3 to 93.1
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
0.7 to 1.3
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.7
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.0 to 2.0
0 to 0.1
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0.7 to 1.3
Silicon (Si), % 9.0 to 10.5
0 to 0.7
Tin (Sn), % 0
5.5 to 7.0
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.3