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4004 Aluminum vs. A357.0 Aluminum

Both 4004 aluminum and A357.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 96% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 4004 aluminum and the bottom bar is A357.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
70
Elongation at Break, % 2.4
3.7
Fatigue Strength, MPa 42
100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
26
Shear Strength, MPa 63
240
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 110
350
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 60
270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 540
500
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
40
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
12
Density, g/cm3 2.6
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1070
1110

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.3
12
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 25
520
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 54
53
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 12
38
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
43
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
68
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.1
17

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 86 to 90
90.8 to 93
Beryllium (Be), % 0
0.040 to 0.070
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.2
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 1.0 to 2.0
0.4 to 0.7
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 9.0 to 10.5
6.5 to 7.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0.040 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.1
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15