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5059 Aluminum vs. AWS E70C-B2L

5059 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS E70C-B2L belongs to the iron alloys. There are 27 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (5, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5059 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS E70C-B2L.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 69
190
Elongation at Break, % 11 to 25
21
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.29
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
73
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 350 to 410
580
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 170 to 300
460

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
260
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
1460
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 510
1420
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
470
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 110
39
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
13

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 29
7.5
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 95
8.6

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
3.0
Density, g/cm3 2.7
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 9.1
1.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
22
Embodied Water, L/kg 1160
54

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 42 to 75
110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 220 to 650
550
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
24
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 36 to 42
20
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 41 to 45
20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 44
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 16 to 18
17

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 89.9 to 94
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.050
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.25
1.0 to 1.5
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.35
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.5
95.1 to 98
Magnesium (Mg), % 5.0 to 6.0
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.6 to 1.2
0.4 to 1.0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
0.4 to 0.65
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.2
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.025
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.45
0.25 to 0.6
Sulfur (S), % 0
0 to 0.030
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.030
Zinc (Zn), % 0.4 to 0.9
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.050 to 0.25
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5