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5182 Aluminum vs. 319.0 Aluminum

Both 5182 aluminum and 319.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have 90% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5182 aluminum and the bottom bar is 319.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
72
Elongation at Break, % 1.1 to 12
1.8 to 2.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 100 to 130
76 to 80
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
27
Shear Strength, MPa 170 to 240
170 to 210
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 280 to 420
190 to 240
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 130 to 360
110 to 180

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
480
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 590
540
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
880
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
110
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 28
27
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 94
84

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
10
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.9
7.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1080

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.6 to 49
3.3 to 3.9
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 120 to 950
88 to 220
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 51
48
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29 to 44
18 to 24
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 36 to 47
25 to 30
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 53
44
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12 to 19
8.6 to 11

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93.2 to 95.8
85.8 to 91.5
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
3.0 to 4.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 1.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 4.0 to 5.0
0 to 0.1
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.5
0 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.35
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
5.5 to 6.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 1.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5