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5182 Aluminum vs. 4004 Aluminum

Both 5182 aluminum and 4004 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a moderately high 90% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5182 aluminum and the bottom bar is 4004 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
71
Elongation at Break, % 1.1 to 12
2.4
Fatigue Strength, MPa 100 to 130
42
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
27
Shear Strength, MPa 170 to 240
63
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 280 to 420
110
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 130 to 360
60

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
540
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 590
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
910
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 28
33
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 94
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.9
8.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1070

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.6 to 49
2.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 120 to 950
25
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 51
54
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29 to 44
12
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 36 to 47
20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 53
58
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12 to 19
5.1

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93.2 to 95.8
86 to 90
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.25
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 0.8
Magnesium (Mg), % 4.0 to 5.0
1.0 to 2.0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.5
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
9.0 to 10.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15