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5182 Aluminum vs. 6012 Aluminum

Both 5182 aluminum and 6012 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 96% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5182 aluminum and the bottom bar is 6012 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
69
Elongation at Break, % 1.1 to 12
9.1 to 11
Fatigue Strength, MPa 100 to 130
55 to 100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
26
Shear Strength, MPa 170 to 240
130 to 190
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 280 to 420
220 to 320
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 130 to 360
110 to 260

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 590
570
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
890
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 28
45
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 94
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.9
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1170

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.6 to 49
21 to 28
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 120 to 950
94 to 480
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 51
48
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29 to 44
22 to 32
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 36 to 47
29 to 37
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 53
62
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12 to 19
10 to 14

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93.2 to 95.8
92.2 to 98
Bismuth (Bi), % 0
0 to 0.7
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.3
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.1
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 0.5
Lead (Pb), % 0
0.4 to 2.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 4.0 to 5.0
0.6 to 1.2
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.5
0.4 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
0.6 to 1.4
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.3
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15