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5182 Aluminum vs. 8090 Aluminum

Both 5182 aluminum and 8090 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 96% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5182 aluminum and the bottom bar is 8090 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
67
Elongation at Break, % 1.1 to 12
3.5 to 13
Fatigue Strength, MPa 100 to 130
91 to 140
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
25
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 280 to 420
340 to 490
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 130 to 360
210 to 420

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 390
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
190
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 590
600
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
960
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
95 to 160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 28
20
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 94
66

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
18
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.9
8.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
170
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
1160

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.6 to 49
16 to 41
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 120 to 950
340 to 1330
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 51
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29 to 44
34 to 49
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 36 to 47
39 to 50
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 53
36 to 60
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12 to 19
15 to 22

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93.2 to 95.8
93 to 98.4
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.15
1.0 to 1.6
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.35
0 to 0.3
Lithium (Li), % 0
2.2 to 2.7
Magnesium (Mg), % 4.0 to 5.0
0.6 to 1.3
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.5
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.25
Zirconium (Zr), % 0
0.040 to 0.16
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.15