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5454 Aluminum vs. AWS E70C-B2L

5454 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS E70C-B2L belongs to the iron alloys. There are 27 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (5, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5454 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS E70C-B2L.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 69
190
Elongation at Break, % 2.3 to 18
21
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.29
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
73
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 230 to 350
580
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 97 to 290
460

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
260
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 650
1460
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
1420
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
470
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
39
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
13

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 34
7.5
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 110
8.6

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
3.0
Density, g/cm3 2.7
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.6
1.6
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
22
Embodied Water, L/kg 1180
54

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 6.3 to 34
110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 68 to 590
550
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
24
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 23 to 36
20
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 30 to 41
20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 55
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 10 to 16
17

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 94.5 to 97.1
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.050
Chromium (Cr), % 0.050 to 0.2
1.0 to 1.5
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.35
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
95.1 to 98
Magnesium (Mg), % 2.4 to 3.0
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.5 to 1.0
0.4 to 1.0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
0.4 to 0.65
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.2
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.025
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.25
0.25 to 0.6
Sulfur (S), % 0
0 to 0.030
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.030
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5