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5457 Aluminum vs. C86300 Bronze

5457 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5457 aluminum and the bottom bar is C86300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 32 to 55
250
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
110
Elongation at Break, % 6.0 to 22
14
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 130 to 210
850
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 50 to 190
480

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
920
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 630
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 180
35
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 46
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 150
9.2

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
23
Density, g/cm3 2.7
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
51
Embodied Water, L/kg 1190
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 12 to 23
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 18 to 250
1030
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
7.8
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 13 to 21
30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 21 to 28
25
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 72
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 5.7 to 9.0
28

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 97.8 to 99.05
5.0 to 7.5
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.2
60 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
2.0 to 4.0
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.8 to 1.2
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.15 to 0.45
2.5 to 5.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.2
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
22 to 28
Residuals, % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0