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5657 Aluminum vs. 3005 Aluminum

Both 5657 aluminum and 3005 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 98% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5657 aluminum and the bottom bar is 3005 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 40 to 50
33 to 73
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
70
Elongation at Break, % 6.6 to 15
1.1 to 16
Fatigue Strength, MPa 74 to 88
53 to 100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 92 to 110
84 to 150
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 150 to 200
140 to 270
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140 to 170
51 to 240

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
640
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 210
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 54
42
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 180
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1200
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.7 to 27
2.2 to 18
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140 to 200
18 to 390
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 15 to 20
14 to 27
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 23 to 28
21 to 33
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 84
64
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 6.7 to 8.6
6.0 to 12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 98.5 to 99.4
95.7 to 98.8
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.3
Gallium (Ga), % 0 to 0.030
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.7
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.0
0.2 to 0.6
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.030
1.0 to 1.5
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
0 to 0.6
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.1
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.15

Comparable Variants