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5657 Aluminum vs. 5083 Aluminum

Both 5657 aluminum and 5083 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 95% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 31 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5657 aluminum and the bottom bar is 5083 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 40 to 50
75 to 110
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
68
Elongation at Break, % 6.6 to 15
1.1 to 17
Fatigue Strength, MPa 74 to 88
93 to 190
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 92 to 110
170 to 220
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 150 to 200
290 to 390
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140 to 170
110 to 340

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
190
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
580
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 210
120
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 54
29
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 180
96

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
8.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1200
1170

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.7 to 27
4.2 to 42
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140 to 200
95 to 860
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 15 to 20
29 to 40
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 23 to 28
36 to 44
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 84
48
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 6.7 to 8.6
12 to 17

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 98.5 to 99.4
92.4 to 95.6
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0.050 to 0.25
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Gallium (Ga), % 0 to 0.030
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.4
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.0
4.0 to 4.9
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.030
0.4 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
0 to 0.4
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.15
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.25
Residuals, % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.15

Comparable Variants