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5657 Aluminum vs. 6012 Aluminum

Both 5657 aluminum and 6012 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 96% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5657 aluminum and the bottom bar is 6012 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
69
Elongation at Break, % 6.6 to 15
9.1 to 11
Fatigue Strength, MPa 74 to 88
55 to 100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 92 to 110
130 to 190
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 150 to 200
220 to 320
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140 to 170
110 to 260

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
570
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
890
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 210
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 54
45
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 180
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1200
1170

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.7 to 27
21 to 28
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140 to 200
94 to 480
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
48
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 15 to 20
22 to 32
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 23 to 28
29 to 37
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 84
62
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 6.7 to 8.6
10 to 14

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 98.5 to 99.4
92.2 to 98
Bismuth (Bi), % 0
0 to 0.7
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.3
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.1
Gallium (Ga), % 0 to 0.030
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.5
Lead (Pb), % 0
0.4 to 2.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.0
0.6 to 1.2
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.030
0.4 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
0.6 to 1.4
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.3
Residuals, % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.15