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5657 Aluminum vs. 6016 Aluminum

Both 5657 aluminum and 6016 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a very high 98% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5657 aluminum and the bottom bar is 6016 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 40 to 50
55 to 80
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
69
Elongation at Break, % 6.6 to 15
11 to 27
Fatigue Strength, MPa 74 to 88
68 to 89
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 92 to 110
130 to 170
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 150 to 200
200 to 280
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140 to 170
110 to 210

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
410
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
610
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 210
190 to 210
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 54
48 to 54
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 180
160 to 180

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1200
1180

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.7 to 27
29 to 47
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140 to 200
82 to 340
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
51
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 15 to 20
21 to 29
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 23 to 28
29 to 35
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 84
77 to 86
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 6.7 to 8.6
9.1 to 12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 98.5 to 99.4
96.4 to 98.8
Chromium (Cr), % 0
0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.2
Gallium (Ga), % 0 to 0.030
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.5
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.0
0.25 to 0.6
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.2
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
1.0 to 1.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.15
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.15