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5657 Aluminum vs. A357.0 Aluminum

Both 5657 aluminum and A357.0 aluminum are aluminum alloys. They have a moderately high 93% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 5657 aluminum and the bottom bar is A357.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 40 to 50
100
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 68
70
Elongation at Break, % 6.6 to 15
3.7
Fatigue Strength, MPa 74 to 88
100
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
26
Shear Strength, MPa 92 to 110
240
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 150 to 200
350
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140 to 170
270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
500
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 640
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 210
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 54
40
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 180
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
12
Density, g/cm3 2.7
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.4
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1200
1110

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.7 to 27
12
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140 to 200
520
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
53
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 15 to 20
38
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 23 to 28
43
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 84
68
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 6.7 to 8.6
17

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 98.5 to 99.4
90.8 to 93
Beryllium (Be), % 0
0.040 to 0.070
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.2
Gallium (Ga), % 0 to 0.030
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.0
0.4 to 0.7
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.080
6.5 to 7.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0.040 to 0.2
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.050
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.1
Residuals, % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.15