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6110 Aluminum vs. Grade 9 Titanium

6110 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while grade 9 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 6110 aluminum and the bottom bar is grade 9 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
110
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
11 to 17
Fatigue Strength, MPa 120
330 to 480
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
40
Shear Strength, MPa 290
430 to 580
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 500
700 to 960
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 500
540 to 830

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
410
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
330
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
1640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
1590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
550
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 170
8.1
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
9.1

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 42
1.4
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
2.7

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
37
Density, g/cm3 2.8
4.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.2
36
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
580
Embodied Water, L/kg 1170
150

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 11
89 to 110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1770
1380 to 3220
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
35
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 51
43 to 60
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 51
39 to 48
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 67
3.3
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 22
52 to 71

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 94.4 to 98.4
2.5 to 3.5
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.080
Chromium (Cr), % 0.040 to 0.25
0
Copper (Cu), % 0.2 to 0.7
0
Hydrogen (H), % 0
0 to 0.015
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.8
0 to 0.25
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.5 to 1.1
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.2 to 0.7
0
Nitrogen (N), % 0
0 to 0.030
Oxygen (O), % 0
0 to 0.15
Silicon (Si), % 0.7 to 1.5
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
92.6 to 95.5
Vanadium (V), % 0
2.0 to 3.0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.3
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.4