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8090 Aluminum vs. AWS ENiCrMo-10

8090 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS ENiCrMo-10 belongs to the nickel alloys. There are 24 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (6, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 8090 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS ENiCrMo-10.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 67
220
Elongation at Break, % 3.5 to 13
28
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.29
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
84
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 340 to 490
710

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
320
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
1550
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
1490
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 960
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 95 to 160
10
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
12

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 20
1.5
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 66
1.5

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 18
70
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.6
12
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 170
160
Embodied Water, L/kg 1160
300

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
23
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 34 to 49
22
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 39 to 50
20
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 36 to 60
2.7
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 15 to 22
19

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93 to 98.4
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.020
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
20 to 22.5
Cobalt (Co), % 0
0 to 2.5
Copper (Cu), % 1.0 to 1.6
0 to 0.5
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.3
2.0 to 6.0
Lithium (Li), % 2.2 to 2.7
0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.3
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
12.5 to 14.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0
48.4 to 63
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.030
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.2
Sulfur (S), % 0
0 to 0.015
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0
Tungsten (W), % 0
2.5 to 3.5
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.35
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.040 to 0.16
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5