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8090 Aluminum vs. AWS ERNiMo-3

8090 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while AWS ERNiMo-3 belongs to the nickel alloys. There are 19 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (11, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 8090 aluminum and the bottom bar is AWS ERNiMo-3.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 67
220
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.3
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
83
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 340 to 490
770

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
320
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
1600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
1540
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 960
400
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
11

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 18
70
Density, g/cm3 2.7
9.1
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.6
15
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 170
190
Embodied Water, L/kg 1160
270

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
22
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 34 to 49
24
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 39 to 50
21
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 15 to 22
24

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93 to 98.4
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.12
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
4.0 to 6.0
Cobalt (Co), % 0
0 to 2.5
Copper (Cu), % 1.0 to 1.6
0 to 0.5
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.3
4.0 to 7.0
Lithium (Li), % 2.2 to 2.7
0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.3
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0
23 to 26
Nickel (Ni), % 0
53.7 to 69
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.040
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 1.0
Sulfur (S), % 0
0 to 0.030
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0
Tungsten (W), % 0
0 to 1.0
Vanadium (V), % 0
0 to 0.6
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.040 to 0.16
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.5