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8090 Aluminum vs. C95600 Bronze

8090 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C95600 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is 8090 aluminum and the bottom bar is C95600 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 67
110
Elongation at Break, % 3.5 to 13
15
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 340 to 490
500
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 210 to 420
230

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 400
260
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 190
210
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 660
1000
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
980
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 960
430
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 95 to 160
39
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 24
17

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 20
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 66
8.7

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 18
28
Density, g/cm3 2.7
8.3
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.6
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 170
50
Embodied Water, L/kg 1160
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 16 to 41
60
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 340 to 1330
230
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
7.5
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 34 to 49
17
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 39 to 50
17
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 36 to 60
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 15 to 22
18

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 93 to 98.4
6.0 to 8.0
Chromium (Cr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 1.0 to 1.6
88 to 92.2
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.3
0
Lithium (Li), % 2.2 to 2.7
0
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.6 to 1.3
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 0.25
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
1.8 to 3.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.1
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.040 to 0.16
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 1.0