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AISI 316 Stainless Steel vs. Zamak 2

AISI 316 stainless steel belongs to the iron alloys classification, while Zamak 2 belongs to the zinc alloys. There are 32 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (7, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is AISI 316 stainless steel and the bottom bar is Zamak 2.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 160 to 360
100
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 200
87
Elongation at Break, % 8.0 to 55
6.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 210 to 430
59
Poisson's Ratio 0.28
0.26
Rockwell B Hardness 80
63
Shear Modulus, GPa 78
33
Shear Strength, MPa 350 to 690
320
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 520 to 1180
360
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 230 to 850
270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 290
130
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 590
95
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1400
390
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1380
380
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 470
410
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 15
110
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 16
28

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 2.3
25
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.6
35

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 19
12
Density, g/cm3 7.9
6.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.9
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 53
57
Embodied Water, L/kg 150
380

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 85 to 260
20
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 130 to 1820
420
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
7.5
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 25
23
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 18 to 41
15
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 18 to 31
17
Thermal Diffusivity, m2/s 4.1
41
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 11 to 26
11

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0
3.5 to 4.3
Cadmium (Cd), % 0
0 to 0.0050
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0
Chromium (Cr), % 16 to 18
0
Copper (Cu), % 0
2.5 to 3.3
Iron (Fe), % 62 to 72
0 to 0.1
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.0050
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0.020 to 0.060
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 2.0
0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 2.0 to 3.0
0
Nickel (Ni), % 10 to 14
0 to 0.020
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.1
0
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.045
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.75
0 to 0.030
Sulfur (S), % 0 to 0.030
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.0030
Zinc (Zn), % 0
92.2 to 94