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AWS E70C-B2L vs. EN AC-45000 Aluminum

AWS E70C-B2L belongs to the iron alloys classification, while EN AC-45000 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 27 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is AWS E70C-B2L and the bottom bar is EN AC-45000 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 190
73
Elongation at Break, % 21
1.1
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 73
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 580
180
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 460
110

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 260
470
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1460
640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1420
520
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 470
870
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 39
120
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 13
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 7.5
27
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 8.6
81

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 3.0
11
Density, g/cm3 7.8
3.0
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 1.6
7.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 22
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 54
1070

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
1.7
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 550
80
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 24
47
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 20
17
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 20
24
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 11
47
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 17
8.0

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0
82.2 to 91.8
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.050
0
Chromium (Cr), % 1.0 to 1.5
0 to 0.15
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.35
3.0 to 5.0
Iron (Fe), % 95.1 to 98
0 to 1.0
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.3
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0 to 0.55
Manganese (Mn), % 0.4 to 1.0
0.2 to 0.65
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0.4 to 0.65
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.45
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.025
0
Silicon (Si), % 0.25 to 0.6
5.0 to 7.0
Sulfur (S), % 0 to 0.030
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.15
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.25
Vanadium (V), % 0 to 0.030
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0
0 to 2.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.5
0 to 0.35