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AZ81A Magnesium vs. C83300 Brass

AZ81A magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while C83300 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is AZ81A magnesium and the bottom bar is C83300 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 55
35
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 46
110
Elongation at Break, % 3.0 to 8.8
35
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 18
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 160 to 240
220
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 84
69

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 350
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 130
180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
1060
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
1030
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 990
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 84
160
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 27
18

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 12
32
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 65
33

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 12
30
Density, g/cm3 1.7
8.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 23
2.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
44
Embodied Water, L/kg 990
320

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.0 to 17
60
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 77 to 78
21
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.0
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 70
18
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 26 to 39
6.9
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38 to 50
9.2
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 50
48
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.1 to 14
7.9

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 7.0 to 8.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
92 to 94
Lead (Pb), % 0
1.0 to 2.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.8 to 92.5
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.13 to 0.35
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.3
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
1.0 to 2.0
Zinc (Zn), % 0.4 to 1.0
2.0 to 6.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.3
0 to 0.7