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AZ81A Magnesium vs. C84100 Brass

AZ81A magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while C84100 brass belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (4, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is AZ81A magnesium and the bottom bar is C84100 brass.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 55
65
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 46
110
Elongation at Break, % 3.0 to 8.8
13
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 18
39
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 160 to 240
230
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 84
81

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 350
190
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 130
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
1000
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
810
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 990
380
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 84
110
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 27
19

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 12
23
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 65
25

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 12
29
Density, g/cm3 1.7
8.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 23
2.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
48
Embodied Water, L/kg 990
340

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.0 to 17
24
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 77 to 78
30
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.1
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 70
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 26 to 39
7.4
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38 to 50
9.7
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 50
33
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.1 to 14
7.8

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 7.0 to 8.1
0 to 0.010
Antimony (Sb), % 0
0 to 0.050
Bismuth (Bi), % 0
0 to 0.090
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
78 to 85
Iron (Fe), % 0
0 to 0.3
Lead (Pb), % 0
0.050 to 0.25
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.8 to 92.5
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.13 to 0.35
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.5
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0 to 0.050
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.3
0 to 0.010
Tin (Sn), % 0
1.5 to 4.5
Zinc (Zn), % 0.4 to 1.0
12 to 20
Residuals, % 0 to 0.3
0 to 0.5