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EN 1.4923 Stainless Steel vs. AWS BNi-3

EN 1.4923 stainless steel belongs to the iron alloys classification, while AWS BNi-3 belongs to the nickel alloys. There are 19 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (16, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN 1.4923 stainless steel and the bottom bar is AWS BNi-3.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 190
170
Poisson's Ratio 0.28
0.31
Shear Modulus, GPa 76
66
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 870 to 980
430

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 270
350
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1450
1040
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1410
980
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 480
480
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 11
10

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 8.0
60
Density, g/cm3 7.8
8.3
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 2.9
9.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 41
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 100
220

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
12
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 25
22
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 31 to 35
14
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 26 to 28
15
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 30 to 34
17

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 0
0 to 0.050
Boron (B), % 0
2.8 to 3.5
Carbon (C), % 0.18 to 0.24
0 to 0.060
Chromium (Cr), % 11 to 12.5
0
Cobalt (Co), % 0
0 to 0.1
Iron (Fe), % 83.5 to 87.1
0 to 0.5
Manganese (Mn), % 0.4 to 0.9
0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0.8 to 1.2
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0.3 to 0.8
90.1 to 93.3
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.025
0 to 0.020
Selenium (Se), % 0
0 to 0.0050
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.5
4.0 to 5.0
Sulfur (S), % 0 to 0.015
0 to 0.020
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.050
Vanadium (V), % 0.25 to 0.35
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0
0 to 0.050
Residuals, % 0
0 to 0.5