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EN 2.4650 Nickel vs. Grade 9 Titanium

EN 2.4650 nickel belongs to the nickel alloys classification, while grade 9 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN 2.4650 nickel and the bottom bar is grade 9 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 210
110
Elongation at Break, % 34
11 to 17
Fatigue Strength, MPa 480
330 to 480
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 80
40
Shear Strength, MPa 730
430 to 580
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1090
700 to 960
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 650
540 to 830

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 320
410
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 1010
330
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1400
1640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1350
1590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 450
550
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 12
8.1
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 11
9.1

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.5
1.4
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 1.6
2.7

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 80
37
Density, g/cm3 8.5
4.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 10
36
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 140
580
Embodied Water, L/kg 360
150

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 320
89 to 110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1030
1380 to 3220
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 23
35
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 36
43 to 60
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 28
39 to 48
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 3.1
3.3
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 33
52 to 71

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 0.3 to 0.6
2.5 to 3.5
Boron (B), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Carbon (C), % 0.040 to 0.080
0 to 0.080
Chromium (Cr), % 19 to 21
0
Cobalt (Co), % 19 to 21
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.2
0
Hydrogen (H), % 0
0 to 0.015
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.25
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.6
0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 5.6 to 6.1
0
Nickel (Ni), % 46.9 to 54.2
0
Nitrogen (N), % 0
0 to 0.030
Oxygen (O), % 0
0 to 0.15
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.020
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.4
0
Sulfur (S), % 0 to 0.0070
0
Titanium (Ti), % 1.9 to 2.4
92.6 to 95.5
Vanadium (V), % 0
2.0 to 3.0
Residuals, % 0
0 to 0.4