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EN 2.4878 Nickel vs. Grade 9 Titanium

EN 2.4878 nickel belongs to the nickel alloys classification, while grade 9 titanium belongs to the titanium alloys. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN 2.4878 nickel and the bottom bar is grade 9 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 200
110
Elongation at Break, % 13 to 17
11 to 17
Fatigue Strength, MPa 400 to 410
330 to 480
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 78
40
Shear Strength, MPa 750 to 760
430 to 580
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1210 to 1250
700 to 960
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 740 to 780
540 to 830

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
410
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 1030
330
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1370
1640
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1320
1590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 460
550
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 11
8.1
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 12
9.1

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 80
37
Density, g/cm3 8.3
4.5
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 10
36
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
580
Embodied Water, L/kg 370
150

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 150 to 180
89 to 110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1370 to 1540
1380 to 3220
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 24
35
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 41 to 42
43 to 60
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 31
39 to 48
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 2.8
3.3
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 37 to 39
52 to 71

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 1.2 to 1.6
2.5 to 3.5
Boron (B), % 0.010 to 0.015
0
Carbon (C), % 0.030 to 0.070
0 to 0.080
Chromium (Cr), % 23 to 25
0
Cobalt (Co), % 19 to 21
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.2
0
Hydrogen (H), % 0
0 to 0.015
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.25
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.5
0
Molybdenum (Mo), % 1.0 to 2.0
0
Nickel (Ni), % 43.6 to 52.2
0
Niobium (Nb), % 0.7 to 1.2
0
Nitrogen (N), % 0
0 to 0.030
Oxygen (O), % 0
0 to 0.15
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.010
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.5
0
Sulfur (S), % 0 to 0.0070
0
Tantalum (Ta), % 0 to 0.050
0
Titanium (Ti), % 2.8 to 3.2
92.6 to 95.5
Vanadium (V), % 0
2.0 to 3.0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.030 to 0.070
0
Residuals, % 0
0 to 0.4

Comparable Variants