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EN AC-42100 Aluminum vs. C86300 Bronze

EN AC-42100 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN AC-42100 aluminum and the bottom bar is C86300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 91
250
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 70
110
Elongation at Break, % 3.4 to 9.0
14
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 26
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 280 to 290
850
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 210 to 230
480

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 500
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 610
920
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 600
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
35
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 41
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
9.2

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
23
Density, g/cm3 2.6
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
51
Embodied Water, L/kg 1110
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 9.1 to 23
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 300 to 370
1030
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.8
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 53
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 30 to 31
30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 37 to 38
25
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 66
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 13
28

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 91.3 to 93.3
5.0 to 7.5
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.050
60 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.19
2.0 to 4.0
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.25 to 0.45
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.1
2.5 to 5.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 6.5 to 7.5
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.070
22 to 28
Residuals, % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0