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EN AC-44500 Aluminum vs. C86300 Bronze

EN AC-44500 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN AC-44500 aluminum and the bottom bar is C86300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 68
250
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 72
110
Elongation at Break, % 1.1
14
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 270
850
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 160
480

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 570
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 590
920
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 580
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 900
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 130
35
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 21
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 33
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
9.2

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
23
Density, g/cm3 2.5
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.7
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 140
51
Embodied Water, L/kg 1050
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.6
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 180
1030
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 16
7.8
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 55
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 36
25
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 57
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 13
28

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 83.7 to 89.5
5.0 to 7.5
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.2
60 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 1.0
2.0 to 4.0
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0 to 0.4
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.55
2.5 to 5.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0
0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 10.5 to 13.5
0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.15
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.3
22 to 28
Residuals, % 0 to 0.25
0 to 1.0