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EN AC-45300 Aluminum vs. C86300 Bronze

EN AC-45300 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN AC-45300 aluminum and the bottom bar is C86300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 94 to 120
250
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 71
110
Elongation at Break, % 1.0 to 2.8
14
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220 to 290
850
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 150 to 230
480

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 470
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 630
920
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 590
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 890
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 150
35
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 36
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
9.2

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
23
Density, g/cm3 2.7
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 8.0
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
51
Embodied Water, L/kg 1120
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.7 to 5.6
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 160 to 390
1030
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
7.8
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 50
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 23 to 29
30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 30 to 35
25
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 60
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 10 to 13
28

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 90.2 to 94.2
5.0 to 7.5
Copper (Cu), % 1.0 to 1.5
60 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.65
2.0 to 4.0
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0.35 to 0.65
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.55
2.5 to 5.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 4.5 to 5.5
0
Tin (Sn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.15
22 to 28
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 1.0